Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) have participated in the discovery, at the Cova Gran de Santa Linya site (La Noguera, Lleida), of the remains of a feminine attributed to H. sapiens, who lived in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula at the close of the Higher Paleolithic, around 14,000 yrs back, as shown by the carbon-14 courting of the sediments in the pure receptacle in which her stays ended up found out.
Cova Gran preserves countless buried vestiges of the sediments comprising it, which make it feasible to reconstruct the record of the populations who lived in the Pre-Pyrenees of Lleida about the very last 50,000 years, from Neanderthals and the very first Homo sapiens up to the earliest farmers.
The staff of scientists from the Archaeological Heritage Heart at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (CEPARQ-UAB) and the CENIEH, which has been researching Cova Gran given that its discovery in 2002, had earlier uncovered material records from involving 45,000 and 4000 yrs ago. Yet, no bone remains of the people who inhabited it had been found till the 2020 excavation marketing campaign.
“We recovered bone stays which definitely belonged to a human skeleton, and still partly related, two meters underneath the ground of a facet spot of the excavation. A spot that failed to presage the visual appeal of this type of remains,” points out the CENIEH researcher Alfonso Benito Calvo.
The first paleoanthropological characterization of all the continues to be recovered, which was announced this week, implies that the pelvic girdle is from an grownup female, probably a little a person, and who has been dubbed “Linya, the La Noguera lady.” The stays also include two femurs, 1 of them even now connected to the pelvis, as properly as very long bones from the upper limbs (humerus, radius/ulna) and decreased kinds (tibia and fibula), and scattered metapodials and phalanges. The cranium and axial skeleton (vertebrae and ribs), although existing, are badly represented.
Linya was discovered in a space deemed to be a normal receptacle, fashioned by various huge blocks which had fallen from the shelter roof. Linya’s total human body was deposited in this place, and supplied the arrangement of the femurs, it rested instantly on the ground in the supine placement.
Presently, the crew is researching elements of what might be grave products, a habitual follow in H. sapiens burials. The sediment from the place inside the blocks is remaining sampled to ascertain the procedures the entire body was subjected to and to glimpse for microresidues which could reveal regardless of whether it was lined with skins or plant fibers, which would justify an intention of depositing the cadaver with no needing to excavate a grave.
Amongst hunter-gatherers, funerary procedure could advise different options, ranging from intentional burial to secondary burial, depositing only portion of the system, cannibalism or accidental demise. “These scenarios will be evaluated in the light-weight of the effects furnished by the excavation of the house wherever the stays appeared,” says Benito Calvo.
A crucial web site
The Cova Gran de Santa Linya internet site is considered to be important to the review of human existence in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula. Covering over 2500 m2, it is 1 of the few web pages in the Mediterranean area where by traces of “transition” times have been determined, these as that of the very last Neanderthals (45,000 decades ago) and the introduction of the to start with contemporary human beings (involving 37,000 and 30,000 a long time ago), the continuance of the latter during the Past Glacial Greatest (20,000 to 15,000 decades in the past) and the overall look of the to start with farmers (7000 and 4000 several years ago).
“Prehistoric continues to be of modern individuals in the Iberian Peninsula are very scarce. The analyze of Linya will enable us learn more about what the hunter-gatherers of the northeast of the Peninsula were being like, and how they lived,” adds Benito Calvo.
Montane pine forests attained the northeastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula 50,000 many years in the past
Upper Paleolithic human continues to be identified at the Cova Gran de Santa Linya website (2021, August 9)
retrieved 9 August 2021
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